Editor’s Note: This article was updated on September 8, 2020 to provide additional information on red and white wine glass types and the differences between them. We hope you find it useful!
Red wine glasses and white wine glasses differ in shape and size, dependent on the type of wine they’re intended to hold. Red wine glasses are typically taller and have a larger bowl than white wine glasses. As reds are generally bigger and bolder wines, they require a larger glass to allow all those aromas and flavors to emerge.
Here, we’ll get into the various nuances between red and white glass types.
Red vs. White Wine Glasses
Key Differences: Generally speaking, white wine glasses have smaller bowls than red wine glasses. The walls of a white wine glass bowl will also be less curved. White wine glasses have much narrower openings than red wine glasses.
Affect on the Senses: Because red wines are generally more full-bodied than whites, red wine glasses benefit from having larger bowls. The larger, more roundly-shaped bowls allow more air to interact with the wine. This will allow the flavors to open up and display more prominently. White wines do not require so much aeration.
The larger bowls of red wine glasses also let the wine’s aromatic qualities display more robustly. Much like a decanter, red wine glasses are built to “open up” the wine’s aromas. White wine glasses have shorter bowls. This allows the drinker to bring the wine closer to their nose, which is helpful for more subtly aromatic white wines.
Red wine glasses create more visible surface area, which can make it easier to see the wine’s viscosity and color as it is swirled in the glass.
Stem Length: One of the main distinctions between red and white wine glasses is the length of the stem. Most white wine glasses have longer stems than red wine glasses, allowing the drinker greater distance between their hand and their beverage. The reason for this? White wines are more temperature-sensitized, and need to be served below room temperature. A longer stem allows the drinker to distance their hand from the bowl, preventing any warming of the wine from body heat.
The feet of white wine glasses and red wine glasses are very similar in size and shape.
The 3 Types of Red Wine Glasses
Red wine glasses will usually have a larger bowl than white wine glasses. This allows the bolder, fuller flavors of red wines to ‘breathe’. By giving the wine enough room to take in oxygen in the glass, the wine will open up and display both aromatic and flavor qualities more easily. The rims of red wine glasses are wider for the same reason. Some red wine glasses may even have tulip-shaped rims to invite more air into the glass.
There are essentially three main categories of red wine glasses: full bodied (or Bordeaux), medium bodied, and light bodied (or Burgundy).
Bordeaux glasses are the largest of the three types. The size of these glasses creates a large amount of space between your nose and the wine. This lets ethanol vapors move past your nose, which allows you to experience more of the wine’s aromatic compounds and less of the strong alcohol vapors. The larger opening will also let the wine flow onto the entire surface of your palate. This results in a more robust and comprehensive tasting experience. High-alcohol and high-tannin wines like Cabernet Sauvignon and Petit Sirah are well-suited to Bordeaux glasses.
Medium-bodied glasses are smaller than Bordeaux glasses. They will soften some flavors and will keep a little more of the ethanol vapors in the glass. We suggest these medium-sized glasses with lighter-alcohol, old world wines that have pronounced savory characteristics.
Burgundy glasses work well with lighter, more delicate reds. The space of the bowl allows the aroma to accumulate. The shorter lip also encourages the wine to run over the tip of the palate. This can enhance the sweetness of the wine. Some drinkers even enjoy champagne or full-bodied whites from burgundy glasses.
The decanting process is particularly useful with vintage reds (especially Bordeaux). As this type of wine ages, sediment can build up in the bottle. If consumed, this sediment can make your wine taste more astringent. It can also significantly alter the overall texture and mouthfeel of the wine. Decanting allows the sediment to settle to the bottom of the decanting vessel, effectively separating it from the wine.
Decanting also allows you to aerate the wine. As the wine is poured into the decanter, it takes in oxygen which helps open up the wine’s flavors and aromatics. The very simple process of decanting can make a big difference in your wine.
The 2 Types of White Wine Glasses
White wine does not need as much space to breathe as red wine. White wines often need a smaller glass to preserve the delicate and subtle aromas. These tighter, narrow bowled glasses concentrate and preserve the wine’s qualities.
You will also find that white wine glasses have shorter bowls. This allows the drinker to bring their nose closer to the wine to better experience its aromatic qualities. White wine glasses will also have longer stems than red wine glasses. This is because white wine is typically served at a lower temperature, and your hand can warm the wine if it is too close to the bowl of the glass. To mitigate this, white wine glasses’ long stems allow the drinker to keep their hand farther from the bowl.
There are two types of white wine glasses: those for high acid wines, and those for full-bodied wines. These two types of glasses will have differently-shaped bowls that accommodate the characteristics of certain wines.
Glasses for high acid wines are the smaller of the two. Their design allows the wine to move onto the middle of the palate, which brings out the wines’ acidic qualities. These types of wines usually have a lower alcohol percentage, so the ethanol vapors will not be much of a concern. Dry Rieslings, Sauvignon Blanc, and rosé are all popular wines for this style of glass.
Glasses for full-bodied wines are larger with wider openings (though still narrower than most red wine glasses). This allows the alcohol vapors to flow past the nose, while accentuating the richer qualities of full-bodied whites like Chardonnays.
Red vs. White Stemless Glasses
When it comes to stemless red and white glasses, most of the same qualities are present as in their stemmed counterparts. Stemless white glasses are smaller and narrower, while red stemless glasses have the traditional large, open bowl shape.
Red wines are more suited to stemless glasses because they are best served between 54 to 65°. This means the warmth from your hand is less likely to impact the flavor and characteristics while in the glass.
Do I Need Both Wine Glass Types?
While you can certainly get by with one set of glasses, if you expect to drink a number of different varietals, you may find that the glassware is holding back your experience—particularly if you opt to drink red wine out of a smaller white wine glass.
Does that mean you won’t enjoy your wine? Most definitely not. While the variety of shapes and sizes can be overwhelming, a proper varietal-glass pairing can make a tremendous difference.
Our Top Selling Red Wine Glasses
Zalto Denk’Art Bordeaux Glass
This Bordeaux glass is designed to maximize your experience with heavy, full-bodied wines. It features a broad bowl, giving the aromatic features of your wine space to gather and properly express. The increased height of the Zalto Denk’Art Bordeaux Glass creates distance between the wine and your mouth, allowing any harsh ethanol to gently dissipate. This, in turn, encourages more oxygen to gather, which softens bitter tannins. In addition to Bordeaux wines, this glass can be used with several other styles of wine, including Rioja, Brunello, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Shiraz, and Zweigelt. For other Bordeaux options, Wine Enthusiast also offers Fusion Air Bordeaux and the Reidel Bordeaux Grand Cru glasses.
ZENOLOGY Pinot Noir Wine Glasses
These Pinot Noir glasses are designed to create a full-flavored and aromatic experience when drinking lighter red wines, specifically Pinot Noirs. When used with high-acidity and mild tannin wines, the Zenology Pinot Noir wine glasses truly shine, maximizing both aromatic and palate components of a wine. Similar to Burgundy wine glasses, Pinot Noir glasses feature a wide bowl that allows for maximum aeration. The narrow, tapered opening then directs the wine towards the front of your palate, which heightens fruity and acidic notes often found in Pinot Noirs.
Fusion Air Bordeaux Wine Glasses
Our Fusion Air Bordeaux glasses are designed to maximize balance in heavy, full-bodied red wines. These glasses direct wine to the center of the tongue, which creates a notable and distinguished harmony between tannins, fruit notes, and acidity. In addition to the traditional Bordeaux style of wine, we suggest the Fusion Air Bordeaux glasses for Petite Sirahs, Cabernet Sauvignons, Cabernet Francs, and even Malbecs.
Our Top Selling White Wine Glasses
Zalto Denk’Art Universal Glass
This piece of luxury stemware is designed for universal use with any type of wine — red, white, rosé, or even sparkling. The Zalto Denk’Art Universal Glass is a much acclaimed and dignified universal glass that is both versatile and carefully designed. We suggest using the Zalto Denk’Art Universal Glass with powerful, flavorful wines of any color. The design of the glass encourages a perfect harmony of saucy fruit flavors, mild tannins, and sharp acidic notes. Because of its uniquely shaped bowl, the Denk’Art Universal Glass also allows for optimum aeration and the proper expression of a wine’s aromatic qualities.
ZENOLOGY SOMM Universal Wine Glass
The Zenology Somm Universal Wine Glass is a modern, cutting edge design that allows you to swirl and taste wine like an expert sommelier. The unique bowl allows aromatics to express themselves, while the glass’s tulip shape encourages proper dispersion of any harsh ethanol qualities. The Zenology Somm Universal Wine Glass uses its modern design to balance and present any type of wine – red, white, rosé, or sparkling – without sacrificing the integrity of the wine itself.
Fusion Infinity Chardonnay Wine Glasses
The Fusion Infinity Chardonnay Wine Glass is a versatile, luxury solution for lighter white wines. The slightly wider opening allows wine to flow from one side of your palate onto the other, giving the wine a proper opportunity to present its delicate characteristics. The Fusion Infinity’s gently sloped bowl also allows for challengingly subtle white wine flavors to collect on the nose. We suggest these glasses for Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio, White Burgundy, White Bordeaux, and Pinot Blanc wines.